How to Measure Productivity in the Back Office

Full concentration at work. Group of young business people working and communicating while sitting at the office desk together with colleagues sitting in the background

Workforce productivity is usually at the top of an organisation’s priorities, but when it comes to back-office operations, being able to measure performance and productivity isn’t always as straightforward as it is for the front-office and customer facing agents.

In most organisations, back-office environments perform work that is vital to keeping the wheels of the business turning. However, even though it has been established that the back-office forms a major part of the customer experience, a significant percentage of the workload is directly caused by issues in the back-office. These issues can include incomplete or incorrect applications and late responses. All of these can cause a customer to get in touch – by phone, email, chatbots etc. – raising in costs in your contact centre.

While contact centre managers work tirelessly year on year to reduce costs, the back-office is often overlooked – left to develop their own process and employee planning strategies in isolation.

Although companies do invest in technology to automate their back-office workflows, they often forget about optimising employee productivity and proficiency at the same time. As tasks in the back-office are more complex than the front, requiring different skills and certain personality traits, it’s important to focus on fully utilising the staff you currently have.

So how can back-office departments do this?

Productivity in the back office can be measured by the true production time of employees. Most organisations struggle to measure this, and this is where a back-office solution can help.

Here are some familiar challenges a back-office solution should help an organisation address:

  • Prioritise, track and manage workloads on an individual, team or multi-site basis,
  • Monitor employee progress with departmental insight, identifying where coaching is required,
  • Track handle time (by transaction) and overall productivity in real-time to understand utilisation and current demand,
  • Predict drops or spikes in work volume to calculate number of required employees in order to fulfil SLA’s,
  • Effective distribution of work, avoiding staff ‘cherry picking’ their next job,
  • Reduce overtimes by managing backlogs,
  • Measure real-world productivity by collecting data on applications being used and the steps taken by an employee to complete the tasks

If you can say your back office is able to address all of these aspects, then you’re on the right track. If, like many, you can only tick off a couple, then you could be missing out on major cost savings.

How to Measure Productivity – The Tool and The Strategy

Back-offices are often siloed, with many teams and departments working separately and each using different systems. Within the back-office, mangers are usually restricted by lack of real-time information which would help them measure true production time, and make decisions accordingly.

The easiest way to measure performance across the back-office is to implement an integrated back-office management solution. But let’s not forget, along with the technology, you need the strategy.

4 KPI’s to keep in mind

Here are 4 KPI’s to keep in mind when measuring productivity in your back-office:

Case Reopen Percentage:

If the backlog in your back-office is growing, consider how many existing cases might be re-opened. This w affect your employee’s productivity. Knowing and understanding the case reopen rate is important in helping you identify cases that require extra effort (and perhaps extra help for that specific agent), and which employees require additional training to complete cases quicker and effectively.

Back-office solutions will allow you to assess quality and report on failure demand, helping you identify processes and activities that aren’t working and also how individuals are performing. (More info on this in number 4’s tip – ‘tip for back office quality’)


How many of your employees are meeting your utilisation and productivity mark? Are they using their time effectively and how long is it taking them to complete certain processes? Understanding these timescales can show you where the gaps are and where you need to spend more time training. Why not consider bi-weekly meetings to reflect on productivity, achieved SLA’s, case reopen and case closed rates? By having meetings that review all your back-office KPIs, you will understand exactly what happened and which variables were affected.

Tip for productivity: Some back-office solutions have a ‘get next’ option. This allows agents to be assigned the next work item from the queue, based on their skills level, SLA, business priorities and other criteria set by the team leader. Get next avoids staff ‘cherry picking’ work/simple cases.

Case Closed Percentage:

Your back-office team have a list of tasks they need to finish. Keeping track of the percentage of cases that are completed daily, correctly and on time is vital. Don’t forget to also then compare this to your backlog of work. This will help you see if any changes need to be made.

Tip for back-office visibility: Good back-office solutions will provide you with dashboards showing visibility on productivity, utilisation and SLA’s. These solutions should have a feature where re-usable reports and dashboards can be easily created, customised, stored and run, providing real-time and historic information based on teams, departments and processes. Data from these reports can also be easily fed into third party business information and spreadsheets applications.

Case Quality Score:

Each customer case has a direct impact on customer experience within your organisation and should be monitored for quality and compliance purposes. This KPI is really important. It helps you keep track of the number of employees mishandling cases resulting in cases being re-opened or even investigated. Being able to identify these cases means cutting back on duplicate work. This in turn, will cut down your backlogs, costs and improve employee productivity.

Tip for back-office quality: With a back-office solution, you should be able to collect samples of completed work to examine how the item progressed through the process/case. For, for example, a letter, call or email, you would be able to analyse how it was handled, how long it took and what actions were taken to bring the case to completion. Quality scores can then be collected and measured to give you an idea of what can be improved throughout the customer journey.

Due to the vital work that back-offices perform, it’s important that back-offices aren’t left in isolation. Instead, back-office departments should be included in the business planning strategies to both keep the wheels turning behind the scenes, and to improve the service that businesses are able to provide to customers.

Read more about how OPX measures productivity here.

Find out more

Please enter your details below to find out more about OPX.

    * = required

    View OPX in action: Book a demo »